NICT holds intellectual infrastructure for research and development such as databases obtained through environmental measurement technology using radio and light waves, and technology for processing the observational data; its use, popularization and diffusion are promoted.

Integrated Science Data System Research Laboratory is cooperating with ICSU(International Council for Science) "World Data System", an international academic programme for handling and advancing scientific data world-wide, jointly with Science Council of Japan.

Also research and development is conducted for scientific data-related subjects such as "Science Cloud" system.